Baby 700 was the name given to a hill 180 metres (590 feet) above sea level. It was marked on the maps as 700 feet above sea level. On the original maps this and the summit immediately to its north were shown respectively as a small and large circle within the '700 feet' contour. They were accordingly named 'Big 700' and 'Baby 700'. 'Big 700' was later renamed 'Battleship Hill'. It was a part of the Sari Bair range with Battleship Hill linking Russell's Top (by way of the Nek).
Baby 700 was arguably the 'key' to the Anzac position, and was the scene of furious fighting on the 25th April. It was the objective of the 3rd Australian Brigade on landing and was occupied early in the morning by mixed parties of the 11th and 12th Battalions AIF.
Baby 700 in a larger map
Both sides attacked and
counter-attacked throughout the day (including numerous Turkish
outflanking manoeuvres). The Anzacs were eventually forced back and
had to form a line of posts clinging to the cliff-edges along the
Second Ridge. The AIF units were later joined by part of the
Auckland Infantry Battalion NZEF; but by late afternoon the
exhausted Anzac forces had been driven off the hill.
The Turkish position on Baby 700
consisted of approximately seven tiers of trenches, making it the
strongest of all positions at Anzac. These overlooked many of the
It became the objective of several other further costly, but
ultimately futile, attacks to recapture it, most notably on 2nd May
and 7th August. The only direct approach was across The Nek, also
held by the Turks. According to Australia's Official Historian,
Charles Bean, who was present 'To attempt a frontal assault on this
position was like endeavouring to attack an inverted frying-pan
from the direction of its handle.' It was never again re-captured
by the Anzac forces and was prominent in forming an almost
impregnable defence against the August attacks of the 10th
Australian Light Horse at the Nek.
The Nek as seen from
Baby 700 (so very much the Turkish defenders view).
Baby 700 cemetery is located near
the hill's summit although it is a part of the rise towards Chunuk
Bair. Its not easy to see it as a summit from below. It is
noticeable once the winding road drops away for a short distance
beyond it before curving and climbing up towards the NZ Memorial.
Its powerful position is easily seen by looking back down the road
towards the sea and Russell's Top and Lone Pine to the right and
The cemetery was made
after the war. It covers an area of 1,356 square yards, and
contains the graves of 23 soldiers from Australia and ten from New
Zealand, one seaman of the Royal Naval Division, and 449 men whose
unit in our forces could not be ascertained. The names of ten
Australian soldiers, for whose burial in the cemetery there is
evidence, are recorded on special tablets. The cemetery is
surrounded on three sides by a belt of trees or shrubs.
Baby 700 Cemetery is located on the
road to Chunuk Bair after the left turn to the Nek. A large number
of graves of men from 11th and 12th Bns AIF whose remains were
found here in 1919.